This year, according to the Kommersant business daily and the largest bitcoin mining company in Russia, Bitriver, Russia has overtaken the United States as the second-largest cryptocurrency mining nation.
Despite having 3–4 gigawatts of mining power, the United States continues to be the greatest cryptocurrency miner in the world. However, between January and March 2023, Russia’s generating capacity hit 1 gigawatt.
For the first time, Russia overtook Kazakhstan to claim second place, moving Kazakhstan to ninth place after imposing restrictions on cryptocurrency mining in 2022, according to Bitriver, who was quoted by Kommersant. China, which prohibited cryptocurrency mining in 2021, was not included in Bitriver’s top 10.
Due to restrictive cryptocurrency rules, particularly President Vladimir Putin’s 2020 law on digital financial assets, which authorized cryptocurrencies but forbade using them to pay for goods and services, the use of bitcoin is restricted in Russia.
The United States blacklisted a Bitcoin and an ether address in February after alleging that it may have been connected to Russian defense equipment exports. Nonetheless, cryptocurrencies have been linked to Russia’s techniques for evading sanctions.
As part of its eighth wave of sanctions, which were implemented last year, the European Union outlawed all cryptocurrency transactions with Russian nationals and anyone else who resides in the nation.